Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum, the final resting place of Mr. Sun Yat-sen, is located within the Zhongshan Scenic Area in Nanjing. For locals, the mausoleum is akin to a city park, and for out-of-town visitors, it’s a must-visit landmark. Besides paying respects to the great man, the adjacent music stage is also worth a visit.

Constructed on the slope of a hill, the mausoleum can be toured along a straight path. The architecture is solemn and dignified, with the sacrificial hall at the top as the main structure. Inside the hall, there’s a seated statue of Sun Yat-sen, behind which are two bronze tomb doors leading to the tomb chamber.

However, the chamber is usually closed to the public, so a brief visit to the sacrificial hall suffices. The music stage, a semicircular structure located near the entrance of the mausoleum, is relatively small. It frequently hosts concerts and is home to many pigeons that visitors can feed and photograph.

Transport: Parking at the mausoleum is expensive, so it’s recommended to take public transportation. You can take the Metro Line 2 to Muxuyuan Station, and the entrance to the Zhongshan Scenic Area is right in front of Exit 1.

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

From there, you can take a sightseeing bus to the mausoleum for 10 yuan per trip. Alternatively, you can take bus 34 to the Mausoleum Parking Lot Station, then walk about 15 minutes to the scenic area.

Cost: Entry to the mausoleum is free, but you must book in advance. The music stage charges an entrance fee of 10 yuan per person. If you plan to take the sightseeing bus and buy pigeon snacks, the total cost should be within 50 yuan.

Avoid Pitfalls

  1. The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum is closed on Mondays! Don’t make a wasted trip.
  2. It’s not recommended to buy the 50 yuan unlimited day pass for the scenic area’s shuttle bus. The Zhongshan Scenic Area shuttle bus charges 10 yuan per ride. The park isn’t too large, so it’s walkable. It’s unlikely you’ll take the shuttle bus five times in one day.
  3. Be sure to protect yourself from the sun when the weather is clear. There are over three hundred steps from the stele pavilion to the sacrificial hall, and there’s little shade along the way, so the climb can be very sunny.
  4. Check if the seats are clean when sitting in the music stand. There are many pigeons around, and the stand is often scattered with pigeon food and droppings, so the hygiene conditions can be poor.
  5. Be careful when interacting with pigeons, as they can easily scratch you.


Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

Most of the attractions in the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum scenic area are outdoors, perfect for visiting during clear weather. The entire area isn’t vast, making it entirely walkable. From the Filial Piety Ding (a ceremonial tripod) to the Sacrificial Hall, it’s a straight path.

You can walk up to the Sacrificial Hall, and after completing the tour inside, you can return the way you came. Take a break at the bandstand near the Filial Piety Ding, feed the pigeons, and take some photos. The total tour time is around 2-3 hours.

After resting, you can either walk or take a sightseeing car to visit the other attractions in the Zhongshan scenic area.

Detailed Guide

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

(1) Memorial Hall

The Memorial Hall is the main structure of the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. With its blue glazed tiles and gray-white walls, its symmetrical central-axis layout gives it an air of solemn dignity.

From outside the hall, you can gaze upon the entire Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum landscape. As the colors of the trees change with the seasons, the view varies throughout the year.

Currently, inside the Memorial Hall, you can only admire the seated statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen, along with the stone carvings and relief sculptures on either side. Behind the statue are two bronze tomb doors, behind which lies the burial chamber.

The chamber is round, with a rectangular tomb inside, atop which is a marble statue of Dr. Sun Yat-sen lying in state. The chamber is generally not open to the public, only opening on major holidays.

Please note:

Photography is not allowed inside the Memorial Hall.

(2) Music Stage

Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

The Music Stage is a complementary structure of the Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum. It’s not very large, semi-circular in shape, with the stage at the center. Occasionally, music concerts are held here. There are also many pigeons kept here, and the sight of a flock of pigeons flying by is quite beautiful.

Many popular online videos have been shot here. Visitors can also interact with the pigeons by feeding them. Pigeon feed is sold at the site, with small packs priced at 5 yuan and large packs at 15 yuan.

Please note:

(1) The seats at the Music Stage may have leftover pigeon feed and pigeon droppings. Make sure to check if they’re clean before sitting down.
(2) Pigeons can scratch people, so be careful when feeding them.
(3) There are signs in the area prohibiting bringing your own pigeon feed, but many visitors still feed the pigeons with bread without being stopped by the staff.

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